A study of the efficacy of a comprehensive memory enhancement program in healthy elderly persons

Mohs, Richard C; Ashman, Teresa A; Jantzen, Kathleen; Albert, Marilyn; Brandt, Jason; Gordon, Barry; Rasmusson, Xeno; Grossman, Murray; Jacobs, Diane; Stern, Yaakov

Well educated, high functioning older adults Žages 60᎐90. were given a comprehensive memory enhancement training program to determine the effectiveness of the program in increasing cognitive performance and positively influencing self-assessments of memory efficacy. The 68 subjects who participated in the memory enhancement training were compared to 74 subjects who were enrolled in a video control group. Between subject differences were analyzed prior to the interventions and at three time points following the interventions Žimmediately post, 3 months and 6 months.. Only one cognitive measure, assessing verbal memory, revealed a significant difference between the groups, with participants in the memory enhancement group showing less decline from baseline than the video control group immediately following the intervention but with no difference between groups at 6 months post-intervention. Several self-report measures showed that the memory enhancement training subjects experienced improved memory functioning and decreased memory concerns relative to the video control group. The self-reported effects of the training were sustained over the 6-month follow-up period. ᮊ 1998 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.



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February 11, 2022