Theses Doctoral

The Interbeing Identity Scale: Exploring the Integration of Our Fundamental Identity with All Other Beings, Nature, and the Cosmos

Frymann, Tomas

The aim of the current investigation is the development and validation of an Interbeing Identity Scale (IIS)—used to measure the integration of an individual’s undamental sense of identity with all other beings, nature, and the cosmos. The study further investigates the association between scores on the IIS and 1) profiles of consciousness exploration practices and 2) psychological outcomes (mental health, positive psychology and relational ethics). Interbeing is a term coined by Thich Nhat Hanh which describes all beings as unique and yet one. Interbeing identity refers to a sense of personhood rooted in beliefs, experiences, and behaviors aligned with an awareness of interbeing.

The IIS was constructed to measure interbeing identity as reflected in an individual’s sense of non-dual relationship to nature, the universe, and other beings. The scale was developed as a concise metric, amenable to administration in applied contexts. Scale items were generated and refined with input from monks of Thich Nhat Hanh’s Blue Cliff monastery, and from researchers and clinicians. Content validity, internal structure, and reliability were assessed via expert surveys, content validity analysis, cognitive interviewing, convergent validity analysis, exploratory factor analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis. The data indicates that: 1) the IIS is a valid and reliable measure of interbeing identity and 2) may be useful to assess identity transformation occasioned by spiritual, consciousness based, and/or clinical intervention.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Clinical Psychology
Thesis Advisors
Miller, Lisa J.
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
April 12, 2023