Rural Education, Social Experiments and the State in Mexico: 1910-1933

Calderón, Marco; Escalante, Carlos

This summary of Calderón’s book Educación rural, experimentos sociales y estado en México: 1910-1933 briefly tells about the implementation of rural education programs by the Mexican government in the early twentieth century to promote the cultural transformation of the indigenous population. The nation-state was concerned about the rural population and how to institutionalize formal schooling to resolve the indigenous issue. Authorities saw traditional customs and practices as obsolete and opposed to progress. Social experiments were thus held to industrialize agricultural production and impose new forms of socialization. Calderón’s work looks at Manuel Gamio’s project, a literacy program of honorary teachers who became missionary teachers, and some itinerary and permanent cultural missions, notably the Carapan Experimental Station in Michoacán. Comments by Carlos Escalante.

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