Theses Doctoral

Perspectives on Black Holes: Astrophysical, Geometric, and Beyond General Relativity

Berens, Roman Lawrence

In this thesis, we consider three aspects of black holes. First, we examine a black hole boosted through a uniform magnetic field. We find that it can acquire an electric charge, just as a spinning black hole in an ambient magnetic field can, though the gravito-electrodynamics upstage naive arguments about screening electric fields in determining the value of the charge accrued. We study the chaotic behavior of the charged particles via their fractal basin boundaries.

Second, we study the vanishing of Love numbers for black holes from a geometric perspective and connect it to the existence of quasinormal modes in de Sitter space. Behind each phenomenon is a ladder structure with a geometric/representation-theoretic origin which makes it possible to connect the asymptotic behavior of solutions at different boundaries.

Third, we model the formation of a black hole in dRGT massive gravity in a de Sitter background with a collapsing homogeneous and pressureless ball of dust or ``star''. We focus on several choices of parameters corresponding to models of interest. We compute the position of the apparent horizon where it crosses the surface of the star, the Ricci curvature at the boundary, and the finite correction to the curvature of the apparent horizon due to the graviton mass. We argue that our collapsing solutions cannot be matched to a static, spherically symmetric vacuum solution at the star's surface, providing further evidence that physical black hole solutions in massive gravity are likely time-dependent.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Thesis Advisors
Rosen, Rachel A.
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
January 11, 2023