Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn. Author manuscript

Eich, Teal S; Stern, Yaakov; Metcalfe, Janet

The hypercorrection effect, which refers to the finding that errors committed with high confidence are more likely to be corrected than are low confidence errors, has been replicated many times, and with both young adults and children. In the present study, we contrasted older with younger adults. Participants answered general-information questions, made confidence ratings about their answers, were given corrective feedback, and then were retested on questions that they had gotten wrong. While younger adults showed the hypercorrection effect, older adults, despite higher overall accuracy on the general-information questions and excellent basic metacognitive ability, showed a diminished hypercorrection effect. Indeed, the correspondence between their confidence in their errors and the probability of correction was not significantly greater than zero, showing, for the first time, that a particular participant population is selectively impaired on this errorcorrection task. These results potentially offer leverage both on the mechanisms underlying the hypercorrection effect and on reasons for older adults' memory impairments, as well as on memory functions that are spared.



  • thumnail for Eich et al. - 2014 - Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn. A.pdf Eich et al. - 2014 - Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn. A.pdf application/pdf 262 KB Download File

More About This Work

Academic Units
Published Here
February 11, 2022