Language equivalence of the modified falls efficacy scale (MFES) among English- and Spanish-speaking older adults: Rasch analysis

Lucero, Robert J.; Romero, Sergio; Fieo, Robert; Cortes, Yamnia; Cimiotti, Jeannie P.; Poghosyan, Lusine

To investigate item-level measurement properties of the Modified Falls Efficacy (MFES) Scale among English- and Spanish-speaking urban-dwelling older adults as a means to evaluate language equivalence of the tool.

Secondary analysis of survey data from 170 English (n = 83) and Spanish (n = 87) speaking older adults who reported to the emergency department of a quaternary medical center in New York City between February 2010 and August 2011. The Rasch rating scale model was used to investigate item statistics and ordering of items, item and person reliability, and model performance of the Modified Falls Efficacy Scale.

The Modified Falls Efficacy Scale, for English- and Spanish-speakers, demonstrated acceptable fit to the Rasch model of a unidimensional measure. While the range of the construct is more limited for the Spanish group, the interval between tasks are much closer, reflecting little to no construct under-representation.

There is rationale for continued testing of a unidemsional English- and Spanish-MFES among urban community-dwelling older adults. Large-scale international studies linking the unidemsional MFES to patient outcomes will support the validity of this tool for research and practice.

Geographic Areas


  • thumnail for 12877_2020_Article_1627.pdf 12877_2020_Article_1627.pdf application/pdf 436 KB Download File

Also Published In

More About This Work

Published Here
December 20, 2022


Fear of falling, Rash analysis, Language equivalence, Psychometric measurement, Modified falls efficacy scale