Theses Doctoral

Novel Damage Assessment Framework for Dynamic Systems through Transfer Learning from Audio Domains

Tronci, Eleonora Maria

Nowadays, damage detection strategies built on the application of Artificial Neural Network tools to define models that mimic the dynamic behavior of structural systems are viral. However, a fundamental issue in developing these strategies for damage assessment is given by the unbalanced nature of the available databases for civil, mechanical, or aerospace applications, which commonly do not contain sufficient information from all the different classes that need to be identified.

Unfortunately, when the aim is to classify between the healthy and damaged conditions in a structure or a generic dynamic system, it is extremely rare to have sufficient data for the unhealthy state since the system has already failed. At the same time, it is common to have plenty of data coming from the system under operational conditions. Consequently, the learning task, carried on with deep learning approaches, becomes case-dependent and tends to be specialized for a particular case and a very limited number of damage scenarios.

This doctoral research presents a framework for damage classification in dynamic systems intended to overcome the limitations imposed by unbalanced datasets. In this methodology, the model's classification ability is enriched by using lower-level features derived through an improved extraction strategy that learns from a rich audio dataset how to characterize vibration traits starting from human voice recordings. This knowledge is then transferred to a target domain with much less data points, such as a structural system where the same discrimination approach is employed to classify and differentiate different health conditions. The goal is to enrich the model's ability to discriminate between classes on the audio records, presenting multiple different categories with more information to learn.

The proposed methodology is validated both numerically and experimentally.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics
Thesis Advisors
Feng, Maria Q.
Betti, Raimondo
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
October 12, 2022