Theses Doctoral

Contributions to Theory of Few and Many-Body Systems in Lower Dimensions

Ren, Tianhao

Few and many-body systems usually feature interesting and novel behaviors compared with their counterparts in three dimensions. On one hand, low dimensional physics presents challenges due to strong interactions and divergences in the perturbation theory; On the other hand, there exist powerful theoretical tools such as the renormalization group and the Bethe ansatz. In this thesis, I discuss two examples: three interacting bosons in two dimensions and interacting bosons/fermions in one dimension. In both examples, there are intraspecies repulsion as well as interspecies attraction, producing a rich spectrum of phenomena. In the former example, a universal curve of three-body binding energies versus scattering lengths is obtained efficiently by evolving a matrix renormalization group equation. In the latter example, exact solutions for the BCS-BEC crossover are obtained and the unexpected robust features in their excitation spectra are explained by a comprehensive semiclassical analysis.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Thesis Advisors
Aleiner, Igor L.
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
October 16, 2019