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Theses Doctoral

Applications of Stimulated Raman Scattering Microscopy: from Label-free to Molecular Probes

Miao, Yupeng

The newly emerging Stimulated Raman Scattering (SRS) Microscopy has been proved to be a powerful tool in biomedical research. This advanced imaging platform offers high spatiotemporal resolution and chemical specificity, which greatly empowers the label-free biomedical imaging and small molecule metabolite tracing. Throughout the research introduced in this thesis, we focus on the exploration of more applications of SRS microscopy beyond aforementioned. Particularly, this new expedition involves more chemistry and answered two major questions: what SRS can do for chemistry and what chemistry can do for SRS.

Chapter 1 introduces the basics of SRS microscopy, such as the physical fundamentals and start-of-art instrumentations. Besides, this chapter discusses the design principles of vibrational reporters through a chemistry view.

Chapter 2 introduces one of the major progresses of SRS microscopy beyond biomedical study. We use SRS microscopy to study the ion transportation and concentration polarization phenomena in lithium metal batteries (LMBs), with a strong focus in solid-state polymer electrolyte. A self-induced phase separation process over lithium metal electrode is observed and correlated with local lithium ion concentrations, which inspires a protection mechanism for durable LMB design.

Chapter 3 discusses the use of SRS microscopy for in-vivo drug tracing in mammalian cells. A novel alkyne tag is incorporated into bio-engineered natural depsi-peptides and serves as Raman reporter. The mode-of-action of the labeled drug is visualized with SRS microscopy.

Chapter 4 heavily focuses on the development of synthetic molecular probes for super-multiplexed optical imaging. We systematically synthesize a library of molecular probes based on 9-cyanopyronin, and their Raman features are characterized to build a model that correlates photophysical properties with structures. The Raman shifts of probes can be tuned with high precision. The multiplexing capability of the new library is demonstrated in labeling fixed and living cell samples.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Chemistry
Thesis Advisors
Min, Wei
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
August 25, 2021