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Sobolev training of thermodynamic-informed neural networks for interpretable elasto-plasticity models with level set hardening

Vlassis, Nikolaos Napoleon; Sun, WaiChing

We introduce a deep learning framework designed to train smoothed elastoplasticity models with interpretable components, such as the stored elastic energy function, yield surface, and plastic flow that evolve based on a set of deep neural network predictions. By recasting the yield function as an evolving level set, we introduce a deep learning approach to deduce the solutions of the Hamilton–Jacobi equation that governs the hardening/softening mechanism. This machine learning hardening law may recover any classical hand-crafted hardening rules and discover new mechanisms that are either unbeknownst or difficult to express with mathematical expressions. Leveraging Sobolev training to gain control over the derivatives of the learned functions, the resultant machine learning elastoplasticity models are thermodynamically consistent, interpretable, while exhibiting excellent learning capacity. Using a 3D FFT solver to create a polycrystal database, numerical experiments are conducted and the implementations of each component of the models are individually verified. Our numerical experiments reveal that this new approach provides more robust and accurate forward predictions of cyclic stress paths than those obtained from black-box deep neural network models such as the recurrent neural network, the 1D convolutional neural network, and the multi-step feed-forward model.

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Also Published In

Title
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cma.2021.113695

More About This Work

Academic Units
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics
Published Here
March 31, 2021