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Femtoscopic signatures of small QGP droplets in proton-lead collisions at the Large Hadron Collider

Clark, Michael

The spacetime dimensions of the particle source in proton-lead collisions at √sNN = 5.02 TeV are measured with the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. Femtoscopic measurements are made from correlation functions built with charged pions identified by their ionization energy loss. The measured HBT radii that represent the source dimensions are presented differentially as a function of centrality, transverse momentum, and rapidity. The effect of jet fragmentation on the two-particle correlation function is studied, and a method using opposite-charge pair data to constrain its contributions to the measured correlations is described. The measured source sizes are substantially larger in more central collisions and are observed to decrease with increasing pair transverse momentum. A correlation of the radii with the local charged-particle density dN/dy is demonstrated. The scaling of the extracted radii with the mean number of participating nucleons is also used to compare a parameterization of an initial-geometry model that allows for fluctuations in the proton cross-section. The cross-term R_ol is measured as a function of rapidity, and a nonzero value is observed that agrees with hydrodynamic predictions. The HBT radii are also shown for central events in intervals of azimuthal angle relative to the 2nd-order event plane, pair transverse momentum, and flow vector magnitude, where the correlation functions are corrected for the event plane resolution. Significant modulations of the transverse HBT radii R_out, R_side, and R_os are observed. The orientation of this modulation is the same as that in heavy-ion collisions, in which they are attributed to hydrodynamic evolution from an elliptic initial geometry. The sign and transverse momentum dependence of these modulations are consistent with a hydrodynamic evolution of a short-lived medium.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Thesis Advisors
Cole, Brian A.
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
March 29, 2019