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MLL/KMT2A translocations in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas

Gindin, Tatyana; Vundavalli, Murty V.; Alobeid, Bachir

Translocations of the histone-lysine N-methyltransferase 2A (KMT2A) gene, formerly known as myeloid lymphoid leukemia/mixed-lineage leukemia gene, are commonly associated with high-risk de novo or therapy-associated B-cell and T-cell lymphoblastic leukemias and myeloid neoplasms. Rare B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas harboring KMT2A translocations have been reported, but information regarding the clinical behavior of such cases is limited. Here, we describe two extranodal diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs): a primary thyroid DLBCL and a large cell transformation of a splenic marginal zone lymphoma, which displayed complex karyotypes and translocations involving chromosome 11q23 targeting the KMT2A gene. The pathological and clinical characteristics of these cases are discussed in the context of previously reported lymphomas associated with different types of KMT2A genetic aberrations. In contrast to the poor clinical outcomes of patients with acute leukemias and myeloid neoplasms associated with KMT2A translocations, patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas, exhibiting similar translocations, appear to respond well to immunochemotherapy. Our findings add to the growing list of histone methyltransferase genes deregulated in DLBCL and highlight the diversity of mechanisms, altering the function of epigenetic modifier genes in lymphomas.

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Also Published In

Title
Hematological Oncology
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/hon.2158

More About This Work

Academic Units
Pathology and Cell Biology
Published Here
September 23, 2019