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Large deviations of the KPZ equation, Markov duality and SPDE limits of the vertex models

Lin, Yier

The Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equation is a stochastic PDE describing various objects in statistical mechanics such as random interface growth, directed polymers, interacting particle systems. We study large deviations of the KPZ equation, both in the short time and long time regime. We prove the first short time large deviations for the KPZ equation and detects a Gaussian - 5/2 power law crossover in the lower tail rate function. In the long-time regime, we study the upper tail large deviations of the KPZ equation starting from a wide range of initial data and explore how the rate function depends on the initial data.

The KPZ equation plays a role as the weak scaling limit of various models in the KPZ universality class. We show the stochastic higher spin six vertex model, a class of models which sit on top of the KPZ integrable systems, converges weakly to the KPZ equation under certain scaling. This extends the weak universality of the KPZ equation. On the other hand, we show that under a different scaling, the stochastic higher spin six vertex model converges to a hyperbolic stochastic PDE called stochastic telegraph equation. One key tool behind the proof of these two stochastic PDE limits is a property called Markov duality.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
April 20, 2021