Theses Doctoral

Vaccinating Children for the Human Papillomavirus (HPV): Predictors of Parents Vaccinating Their Child and Providers Recommending a New Linguistically and Culturally Tailored Video Intervention Designed to Increase Vaccination Initiation and Completion

Canelo Villafana, Alejandrina

The public health problem of ensuring that teens and preteens receive the HPV vaccination series justified this study, using a convenience sample (N=122) of parents, 68 of whom were English-speaking parents (ESP) and 54 were Spanish-speaking parents (SSP). Among ESP, 94.1% (n=64) were females and 5.9% (n=4) were males. Among SSP, 98.1% (n=53) were females and 1.9% (n=1) was male. The mean age for ESP (n=68) was 41.16 years (min=27, max=72, SD=6.72). The mean age for SSP (n=54) was 38.72 years (min=26, max=55, SD =7.31). About 44.1% (n=30) of ESP were Hispanic/ Latino, and 98.1% (n=53) of SSP were Hispanic/Latino.
Using backward stepwise regression analysis, in the whole sample (N=122), significant predictors of parents being in an action or maintenance stage for making sure their children received the HPV vaccination was predicted by: if child had received HPV vaccination (β=1.714, SEB=.599, p=.000) and yearly household income (β=.142, SEB=.200, p=.007) in a model accounting for 40.5% of the variance (R2=.420, AdjR2=.405).
This study determined that a linguistically and culturally tailored (i.e., in English or Spanish) video on HPV and HPV vaccination of preteens and teens served as a brief online e-health intervention that was associated with significant parental movement across the stages of change (i.e., from precontemplation or contemplation stage, to preparation stage) and increased self-efficacy for three key behaviors: (1) talking to a pediatrician or family practice medical provider about the Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and the HPV vaccination for children; (2) making sure their preteen and teen children receive the HPV vaccination; and (3) making sure their preteen and teen children receive all required doses (e.g., at least two or three doses) of the HPV vaccination. Also, 89.5% (n=17) of healthcare providers recommended the video.
Qualitative data produced themes for recommending the video and improving it. Recommendations for an evaluation of the video intervention using a nationally representative sample are advanced, along with implications for widely disseminating and evaluating a new evidence-based approach codified in the video.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Health and Behavior Studies
Thesis Advisors
Wallace, Barbara C.
Ed.D., Teachers College, Columbia University
Published Here
July 19, 2019