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Genomic Profiling Maps Loss of Heterozygosity and Defines the Timing and Stage Dependence of Epigenetic and Genetic Events in Wilms’ Tumors

Yuan, Eric; Li, Chi-Ming; Yamashiro, Darrell J.; Kandel, Jessica J.; Thaker, Harshwardhan; Vundavalli, Murty V.; Tycko, Benjamin

To understand genetic and epigenetic pathways in Wilms’ tumors, we carried out a genome scan for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) using Affymetrix 10K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chips and supplemented the data with karyotype information. To score loss of imprinting (LOI) of the IGF2 gene, we assessed DNA methylation of the H19 5V differentially methylated region (DMR). Few chromosomal regions other than band 11p13 (WT1) were lost in Wilms’ tumors from Denys-Drash and Wilms’ tumor-aniridia syndromes, whereas sporadic Wilms’ tumors showed LOH of several regions, most frequently 11p15 but also 1p, 4q, 7p, 11q, 14q, 16q, and 17p. LOI was common in the sporadic Wilms’ tumors but absent in the syndromic cases. The SNP chips identified novel centers of LOH in the sporadic tumors, including a 2.4-Mb minimal region on chromosome 4q24-q25. Losses of chromosomes 1p, 14q, 16q, and 17p were more common in tumors presenting at an advanced stage; 11p15 LOH was seen at all stages, whereas LOI was associated with early-stage presentation. Wilms’ tumors with LOI often completely lacked LOH in the genome-wide analysis, and in some tumors with concomitant 16q LOH and LOI, the loss of chromosome 16q was mosaic, whereas the H19 DMR methylation was complete. These findings confirm molecular differences between sporadic and syndromic Wilms’ tumors, define regions of recurrent LOH, and indicate that gain of methylation at the H19 DMR is an early event in Wilms’ tumorigenesis that is independent of chromosomal losses. The data further suggest a biological difference between sporadic Wilms’ tumors with and without LOI.

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Also Published In

Title
Molecular Cancer Research
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-05-0082

More About This Work

Academic Units
Institute for Cancer Genetics
Pathology and Cell Biology
Pediatrics
Surgery
Published Here
December 3, 2019