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Mapping the Sites of Putative Tumor Suppressor Genes at 6p25 and 6p21.3 in Cervical Carcinoma: Occurrence of Allelic Deletions in Precancerous Lesions

Chatterjee, Anupam; Arias-Pulido, Hugo; Koul, Sanjay; Beleño, Nestor; Perilla, Ana; Posso, Hector; Mansukhani, Mahesh M.; Vundavalli, Murty V.

Allelic deletions on the short arm of chromosome 6 (6p) are one of the common, possibly early, genetic changes that occur in the pathogenesis of cervical carcinoma (CC). Previous loss of heterozygosity (LOH) studies in CC identified a number of critical regions of deletions on 6p. However, the precise location of minimally deleted regions and their role in precancer- ous lesions have not been well characterized. To address these questions, we first performed a detailed LOH analysis on 6p in 59 cases of invasive CC. The pattern of LOH identified two minimal regions of deletions, one spanning a 5 cM genetic distance at 6p25 and a second site of 10.3 cM deletion mapping to 6p21.3. The 6p21.3 minimal deletion spans HLA class I genes. To understand the role of 6p genetic alterations in the develop- ment of CC, we also investigated 12 high-grade and 4 low-grade cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) for LOH after laser microdissec- tion. The high-grade CINs exhibited 91.7% LOH, and low-grade CINs had 50% LOH. These findings implicate the presence of at least two tumor suppressor genes on 6p relevant to CC and suggest that these genetic alterations occur very early in CC development. This study should there- fore facilitate the identification of tumor suppressor genes on 6p and may identify which CINs are at high risk of progressing to invasive CC.

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Title
Cancer Research

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Academic Units
Pathology and Cell Biology
Published Here
February 14, 2020