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Theses Doctoral

Bayesian Inference for Genomic Data Analysis

Ogundijo, Oyetunji Enoch

High-throughput genomic data contain gazillion of information that are influenced by the complex biological processes in the cell. As such, appropriate mathematical modeling frameworks are required to understand the data and the data generating processes. This dissertation focuses on the formulation of mathematical models and the description of appropriate computational algorithms to obtain insights from genomic data.

Specifically, characterization of intra-tumor heterogeneity is studied. Based on the total number of allele copies at the genomic locations in the tumor subclones, the problem is viewed from two perspectives: the presence or absence of copy-neutrality assumption. With the presence of copy-neutrality, it is assumed that the genome contains mutational variability and the three possible genotypes may be present at each genomic location. As such, the genotypes of all the genomic locations in the tumor subclones are modeled by a ternary matrix. In the second case, in addition to mutational variability, it is assumed that the genomic locations may be affected by structural variabilities such as copy number variation (CNV). Thus, the genotypes are modeled with a pair of (Q + 1)-ary matrices. Using the categorical Indian buffet process (cIBP), state-space modeling framework is employed in describing the two processes and the sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) methods for dynamic models are applied to perform inference on important model parameters.

Moreover, the problem of estimating gene regulatory network (GRN) from measurement with missing values is presented. Specifically, gene expression time series data may contain missing values for entire expression values of a single point or some set of consecutive time points. However, complete data is often needed to make inference on the underlying GRN. Using the missing measurement, a dynamic stochastic model is used to describe the evolution of gene expression and point-based Gaussian approximation (PBGA) filters with one-step or two-step missing measurements are applied for the inference. Finally, the problem of deconvolving gene expression data from complex heterogeneous biological samples is examined, where the observed data are a mixture of different cell types. A statistical description of the problem is used and the SMC method for static models is applied to estimate the cell-type specific expressions and the cell type proportions in the heterogeneous samples.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Electrical Engineering
Thesis Advisors
Wang, Xiaodong
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
October 16, 2019