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Residential planning at neighborhood scale: global precedents and China’s neighborhood life-circle planning

Ma, Shiyu

Neighborhood life-circle planning is a relatively new term emerging in China since the 2010s. With visions to enhance walkability and provide adequate facilities that meet residents’ daily demand, the implementation of neighborhood life-circle planning is still in its experimental phases. From a global perspective, similar concepts of planning residential areas in smaller units are not uncommon. This paper examines four residential neighborhood planning models: Neighborhood Unit Plan, planning of life zones in South Korea, Traditional Neighborhood Development, and China's neighborhood life-circle planning. Despite major differences in density and building typology, each planning model approaches to address certain perceived urban problems. Four case studies are selected to represent each model respectively. The comparison of the case studies mainly focuses on the physical built environment, including the patterns of the street network, building blocks, parks and open spaces, and community facilities. The analysis reveals how the planning models are applied in the built-up cases with highlighted gestures as well as tradeoffs during implementation. With more progress to encourage public input during the planning procedures, application of urban data to analyze the nuanced daily needs, and innovations in management mechanisms to encourage facility sharing, it is hoped that neighborhood life-circle planning in China could unleash more opportunities in the future.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Urban Planning
Thesis Advisors
Wu, Weiping
Degree
M.S., Columbia University
Published Here
August 12, 2020