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Multidimensional Data Processing for Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging

McLean, James Patrick

Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a medical imaging technique which distinguishes itself by acquiring microscopic resolution images in-vivo at millimeter scale fields of view. The resulting in images are not only high-resolution, but often multi-dimensional to capture 3-D biological structures or temporal processes. The nature of multi-dimensional data presents a unique set of challenges to the OCT user that include acquiring, storing, and handling very large datasets, visualizing and understanding the data, and processing and analyzing the data. In this dissertation, three of these challenges are explored in depth: sub-resolution temporal analysis, 3-D modeling of fiber structures, and compressed sensing of large, multi-dimensional datasets. Exploration of these problems is followed by proposed solutions and demonstrations which rely on tools from multiple research areas including digital image filtering, image de-noising, and sparse representation theory. Combining approaches from these fields, advanced solutions were developed to produce new and groundbreaking results. High-resolution video data showing cilia motion in unprecedented detail and scale was produced. An image processing method was used to create the first 3-D fiber model of uterine tissue from OCT images. Finally, a compressed sensing approach was developed which we show to guarantee high accuracy image recovery of more complicated, clinically relevant, samples than had been previously demonstrated. The culmination of these methods represents a step forward in OCT image analysis, showing that these cutting edge tools can also be applied to OCT data and in the future be employed in a clinical setting.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Electrical Engineering
Thesis Advisors
Hendon, Christine P.
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
March 22, 2021