Academic Commons

Articles

From Idea to Institution: The Development and Dissemination of the Orff-Schulwerk from Germany to the United States

Spitz, Emily

This literature review focuses on the history of the Orff-Schulwerk (translated literally as “Orff-Schoolwork”), conceived by German composer Carl Orff as an improvisatory, natural approach to music and movement education. The history of the Orff-Schulwerk and its journey to the United States can be divided into three distinct phases: first, its origins in 1920s Munich; second, a return in the late 1940s via the Bavarian state radio as an approach for children; and its current iteration as an institutionalized methodology in the United States. Broadly stated, the purpose of this literature review is to synthesize primary and secondary sources in such a way that one can become familiarized with the gains and losses the Orff-Schulwerk experienced during each phase of its life, as well as an understanding of key issues surrounding its guiding philosophy and practice, and how these shift over time.

Geographic Areas

Files

Also Published In

Title
Current Musicology

More About This Work

Academic Units
Music
Published Here
November 13, 2019