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Influence of dynamic ozone dry deposition on ozone pollution: Data

Clifton, Olivia Elaine; Paulot, F.; Fiore, Arlene M.; Horowitz, L. W.; Correa, G.; Fares, S.; Goded, I.; Goldstein, A. H.; Gruening, C.; Hogg, A. J.; Loubet, B.; Mammarella, I.; Munger, J. W.; Neil, L.; Stella, P.; Uddling, Johan; Vesala, T.; Weng, E.

Datasets used in creation of figures in Clifton, O. E., F. Paulot, A. M. Fiore, L. W. Horowitz, G. Correa, S. Fares, I. Goded, A. H. Goldstein, C. Gruening, A. J. Hogg, B. Loubet, I. Mammarella, J. W. Munger, L. Neil, P. Stella, J. Uddling, T. Vesala, and E. Weng (2020). Influence of dynamic ozone dry deposition on ozone pollution, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. Here we include processed model data from the version of the NOAA GFDL chemistry-climate model described in this article. We also include monthly averages and confidence intervals for ozone deposition velocities for observational sites that do not already include data in an online repository.

Abstract of the associated paper:
Identifying the contributions of chemistry and transport to observed ozone pollution using regional-to-global models relies on accurate representation of ozone dry deposition. We use a recently developed configuration of the NOAA GFDL chemistry-climate model – in which the atmosphere and land are coupled through dry deposition – to investigate the influence of ozone dry deposition on ozone pollution over northern mid-latitudes. In our model, deposition pathways are tied to dynamic terrestrial processes, such as photosynthesis and water cycling through the canopy and soil. Small increases in winter deposition due to more process-based representation of snow and deposition to surfaces reduce hemispheric-scale ozone through the lower troposphere by 5-12 ppb, improving agreement with observations relative to a simulation with the standard configuration for ozone dry deposition. Declining snow cover by the end of the 21st century tempers the previously identified influence of rising methane on winter ozone. Dynamic dry deposition changes summer surface ozone by -4 to +7 ppb. While previous studies emphasize the importance of uptake by plant stomata, new diagnostic tracking of depositional pathways reveals a widespread impact of nonstomatal deposition on ozone pollution. Daily variability in both stomatal and nonstomatal deposition contribute to daily variability in ozone pollution. 21st-century changes in summer deposition result from a balance among changes in individual pathways, reflecting differing responses to both high carbon dioxide (through plant physiology versus biomass accumulation) and water availability. Our findings highlight a need for constraints on the processes driving ozone dry deposition to test representation in regional-to-global models.

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