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Theses Doctoral

Patient Record Summarization Through Joint Phenotype Learning and Interactive Visualization

Levy-Fix, Gal

Complex patient are becoming more and more of a challenge to the health care system given the amount of care they require and the amount of documentation needed to keep track of their state of health and treatment. Record keeping using the EHR makes this easier but mounting amounts of patient data also means that clinicians are faced with information overload. Information overload has been shown to have deleterious effects on care, with increased safety concerns due to missed information. Patient record summarization has been a promising mitigator for information overload. Subsequently, a lot of research has been dedicated to record summarization since the introduction of EHRs. In this dissertation we examine whether unsupervised inference methods can derive patient problem-oriented summaries, that are robust to different patients. By grounding our experiments with HIV patients we leverage the data of a group of patients that are similar in that they share one common disease (HIV) but also exhibit complex histories of diverse comorbidities. Using a user-centered, iterative design process, we design an interactive, longitudinal patient record summarization tool, that leverages automated inferences about the patient's problems. We find that unsupervised, joint learning of problems using correlated topic models, adapted to handle the multiple data types (structured and unstructured) of the EHR, is successful in identifying the salient problems of complex patients. Utilizing interactive visualization that exposes inference results to users enables them to make sense of a patient's problems over time and to answer questions about a patient more accurately and faster than using the EHR alone.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Biomedical Informatics
Thesis Advisors
Elhadad, Noemie
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
July 14, 2020