Academic Commons

Articles

Identifying a Typology of High Schools Based on Their Orientation Toward STEM: A Latent Class Analysis of HSLS:09

Vaval, Luronne; Bowers, Alex J.; Snodgrass Rangel, Virginia

The purpose of this study is to investigate the extent that there is a typology of high schools based on their orientation toward STEM, as well as the extent to which school-level demographic variables and student high school outcomes are associated with subgroup membership in the typology, by analyzing data from a large nationally representative sample of high schools (n=940) from the High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (HSLS:09) using latent class analysis (LCA). We used a three-step LCA approach to identify significantly different subgroups of STEM-oriented high schools, what covariates predict subgroup membership, and how subgroup membership predicts observed distal outcomes. We find that there are four significantly different subgroups of STEM-oriented high schools based on their principal’s perceptions: Abundant (12.3%), Support (23.3%), Bounded (10.1%), and Comprehensive (54.3%). In addition, we find that these subgroups are associated with school demographics, such as the percent of students eligible for free and reduced-price lunch, school locale, and control (public or private). Subgroup membership is also associated with student outcomes, such as postsecondary program enrollment and intent to pursue a STEM degree.

Keywords: STEM Education, High Schools, Multivariate Analysis

Files

  • thumnail for Vaval Bowers Rangle 2019 HS STEM LCA.pdf Vaval Bowers Rangle 2019 HS STEM LCA.pdf application/pdf 577 KB Download File

Also Published In

Title
Science Education
DOI
http://doi.org/10.1002/sce.21534

More About This Work

Academic Units
Education Leadership
Science Education
Published Here
September 24, 2019

Notes

This manuscript is a pre-print of a journal article published in the journal Science Education. Citation:
Vaval, L., Bowers, A.J., Snodgrass Rangel, V. (2019) Identifying a Typology of High Schools Based on Their Orientation Toward STEM: A Latent Class Analysis of HSLS:09. Science Education, 103(5) p. 1151-1175 http://doi.org/10.1002/sce.21534