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Theses Doctoral

Contributions of Lattice Anharmonicities to Optoelectronic Properties of Lead Halide Perovskites

Joshi, Prakriti Pradhan

Lead halide perovskites (LHPs) have forcefully emerged as a promising materials class for next-generation solar cells. The high efficiencies of LHP-based photovoltaics are underpinned by their outstanding optoelectronic properties, including long carrier lifetimes, long carrier diffusion lengths, high radiative efficiencies, and long-lived hot carriers. In conventional semiconductors, high efficiencies are achieved by stringent control over defect densities; higher purity diminishes the number of carrier scattering events and yields better optoelectronic properties. Given the high defect densities of LHPs, these observed behaviors indicate that LHPs are defect-tolerant and disobey this paradigm via dynamic screening of charge carriers.

In order to expand the library of defect-tolerant semiconductors, we must elucidate the carrier-lattice interactions that lead to dynamic screening. LHP lattices are highly anharmonic and dynamically disordered, which must play a role in this screening mechanism. This anharmonicity demands a departure from the conventional Fröhlich interaction, which considers the harmonic coupling of a carrier to one phonon, to a picture that incorporates anharmonic phonon-phonon couplings. The objective of this thesis is to investigate the ultrafast anharmonic lattice response associated with dynamic screening of charge carriers. We probe the formation of large polarons in CH3NH3PbBr3 and CsPbBr3 using time-resolved optical Kerr effect spectroscopy. We further investigate the coupling of phonon modes in a model system, CsPbBr3, in the presence of charge carriers using ultrafast coherent phonon spectroscopy.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Chemistry
Thesis Advisors
Zhu, Xiaoyang
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
October 9, 2019
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