Anti-GAD Antibody-associated Syndrome Presenting with Limb Myoclonus

Manzke, Pedro; Grippe, Talyta; Tavares, Georgia L.; Leal, Lucas C.; Roze, Emmanuel; Apartis, Emmanuelle; Dias, Ronaldo Maciel; Ferreira, André G. F.

Background: The clinical spectrum of anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) antibody-associated neurologic syndromes is expanding, with focal, generalized, and atypical forms.

Case Report: We describe a 59-year-old female showing continuous right lower limb myoclonus and mild encephalopathy. These symptoms started 2 weeks prior to evaluation. The patient had great improvement with intravenous steroids. An autoantibody panel was positive for anti-GAD.

Discussion: Various clinical manifestations, including myoclonus, may relate to anti-GAD antibodies. The treatment options available include symptomatic drugs, intravenous immunoglobulin, steroids, and other immunosuppressant agents.


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Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements

More About This Work

Academic Units
Center for Parkinson's Disease and Other Movement Disorders
Published Here
February 19, 2019