PCDH10 Promoter Hypermethylation is Frequent in most Histologic Subtypes of Mature Lymphoid Malignancies and Occurs Early in Lymphomagenesis
PCDH10 is epigenetically inactivated in multiple tumor types; however, studies in mature lymphoid malignancies are limited. Here, we have investigated the presence of promoter hypermethylation of the PCDH10 gene in a large cohort of well-characterized subsets of lymphomas. PCDH10 promoter hypermethylation was identified by methylation-specific PCR in 57 to 100% of both primary B- and T-cell lymphoma specimens and cell lines. These findings were further validated by Sequenom Mass-array analysis. Promoter hypermethylation was also identified in 28.6% cases of reactive follicular hyperpla- sia, more commonly occurring in states of immune deregulation and associated with rare presence of clonal karyotypic aberrations, suggesting that PCDH10 methylation occurs early in lymphomagenesis. PCDH10 expression was down regu- lated via promoter hypermethylation in T- and B-cell lymphoma cell lines. The transcriptional down-regulation resulting from PCDH10 methylation could be restored by pharmacologic inhibition of DNA methyltransferases in cell lines. Both T- and B-cell lymphoma cell lines harboring methylation-mediated inactivation of PCDH10 were resistant to doxorubicin treatment, suggesting that hypermethylation of this gene might contribute to chemotherapy response.
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- Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer