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An Evaluation of a Hospital’s Communication Cultural Competence Staff Training to Increase Disclosure and Data Collection on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity: Toward Reducing Health Disparities for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Patients

Rose, Jillian Allison

The study used a pre-/post-test design within a secondary analysis of existing de identified data obtained from a major Northeastern hospital for use by permission, in order to evaluate the impact of a communication cultural competency training of hospital registration personnel focused on teaching the collection of gender identity and sexual orientation data (SOGI). The study’s convenience sample (N=240) was diverse, given 34.6% (N=83) identified as White/Caucasian, 28.3% (N=68) as Hispanic/Latino, 27.1% (N=65) as Black /African American, and 10.0% (N=24) as Asian. For gender identity, 74.6% (N=179) identified as female, and 15.8% (N=37) as male. Those who identified their sexual orientation as heterosexual comprised 79.6% (N=191) of the sample. The mean time in current role for the sample was 3.97 years (Min = 1-1 to 6 months, Max = 6-over 10 years, SD = 1.547). For example, 18.3% (N=44) indicated being in their current role for between 5-10 years. Some 74.2% (N=178) indicated that they know someone who is LGBTQ+. Of note, 16.7% (N=38) indicated that they had other training in the last three months.
Cronbach’s Alphas ranged from .858-.978 for the 11 new study scales, as very good to excellent internal consistency. As main study findings, paired t-tests for all five global scale scores (knowledge, self-efficacy, skill/ability level, and personal preparation for collecting SOGI data—and engagement in recommended SOGI data collection behavior) demonstrated significant differences from pre- to post- training in this sample (p˂.000; Bonferroni Significance level, p<.007). This suggested that participation in the training was associated with statistically significant improvements from pre- to post-training for knowledge, self-efficacy, skill/ability level, personal, and engagement in recommended SOGI data collection behavior.
Through backward stepwise regression, having higher post-training self-efficacy was significantly predicted by: higher pre-training personal skill/ability (B=.589, SEB=.468, p=.000); and, higher post-training overall evaluation (B=.244, SEB=.305, p=.000). The adjusted R-squared value for this model was 0.346, meaning that 34.6% of the variance for higher post-training self-efficacy for collecting for collecting patients’ sexual orientation and gender identity data was explained by this model.
Findings suggest the need for further dissemination, implementation and evaluation of the new communication cultural competence training.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Health and Behavior Studies
Thesis Advisors
Wallace, Barbara C.
Degree
Ed.D., Teachers College, Columbia University
Published Here
August 27, 2019
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