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Advancing the Science of Behavioral Self-Management of Chronic Disease: The Arc of a Research Trajectory

Allegrante, John P.

This article describes advances in the behavioral self-management of chronic disease from the perspective of a 25-year trajectory of National Institute of Health-funded research in arthritis and cardiopulmonary diseases that has sought to develop a transdisciplinary understanding of how applied behavioral science can be used to improve health behaviors, functional status, and health outcomes. The article traces the arc of a novel research program--conducted in collaboration with physician-scientists at Columbia, Weill Cornell Medical College, and New York University School of Medicine-that runs through social cognitive theory, behavioral economics, and the emerging science of positive psychology in an effort to develop promising new approaches to fostering the adoption and maintenance of health-related behavioral change. The article concludes with what has been learned and what the implications of the work are for advancing behavioral self-management and patient education to improve patient outcomes and achieve the compression of morbidity.

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Also Published In

Title
Health Education & Behavior
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198117749010

More About This Work

Academic Units
Health and Behavior Studies
Published Here
February 19, 2020

Notes

KEYWORDS: arthritis; behavioral economics; cardiopulmonary diseases; chronic disease; compression of morbidity; health outcomes; positive psychology; social cognitive theory; transdisciplinary research