KIF1C Variants Are Associated with Hypomyelination, Ataxia, Tremor, and Dystonia in Fraternal Twins

Marchionni, Enrica; Méneret, Aurélie; Keren, Boris; Melki, Judith; Denier, Christian; Durr, Alexandra; Apartis, Emmanuelle; Boespflug-Tanguy, Odile; Mochel, Fanny; Columbia University. Center for Parkinson's Disease and Other Movement Disorders

Background: KIF1C (Kinesin Family Member 1C) variants have been associated with hereditary spastic paraplegia and spastic ataxia.

Case report: We report fraternal twins presenting with cerebellar ataxia and dystonic tremor. Their brain MRI showed a hypomyelinating leukoencephalopathy. Whole exome sequencing identified a homozygous KIF1C variant in both patients.

Discussion: KIF1C variants can manifest as a complex movement disorder with cerebellar ataxia and dystonic tremor. KIF1C variants may also cause a hypomyelinating leukoencephalopathy.


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Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements

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December 10, 2019