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Reanalysis of climate influences on Atlantic tropical cyclone activity using cluster analysis

Boudreault, Mathieu; Caron, Louis-Philippe; Camargo, Suzana J.

We analyze, using Poisson regressions, the main climate influences on North Atlantic tropical cyclone activity. The analysis is performed using not only various time series of basin‐wide storm counts but also various series of regional clusters, taking into account shortcomings of the hurricane database through estimates of missing storms. The analysis confirms that tropical cyclones forming in different regions of the Atlantic are susceptible to different climate influences. We also investigate the presence of trends in these various time series, both at the basin‐wide and cluster levels, and show that, even after accounting for possible missing storms, there remains an upward trend in the eastern part of the basin and a downward trend in the western part. Using model selection algorithms, we show that the best model of Atlantic tropical cyclone activity for the recent past is constructed using Atlantic sea surface temperature and upper tropospheric temperature, while for the 1878–2015 period, the chosen covariates are Atlantic sea surface temperature and El Niño–Southern Oscillation. We also note that the presence of these artificial trends can impact the selection of the best covariates. If the underlying series shows an upward trend, then the mean Atlantic sea surface temperature captures both interannual variability and the upward trend, artificial or not. The relative sea surface temperature is chosen instead for stationary counts. Finally, we show that the predictive capability of the statistical models investigated is low for U.S. landfalling hurricanes but can be considerably improved when forecasting combinations of clusters whose hurricanes are most likely to make landfall.

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Also Published In

Title
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JD026103

More About This Work

Academic Units
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Published Here
March 26, 2019

Notes

Keywords: tropical cyclones, hurricanes, climate variability, North Atlantic Ocean, storm tracks, Poisson regression

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