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Theses Doctoral

Next Generation Cloud Computing Architectures: Performance and Pricing

Mahajan, Kunal

Cloud providers need to optimize the container deployments to efficiently utilize their network, compute and storage resources. In addition, they require an attractive pricing strategy for the compute services like containers, virtual machines, and serverless computing in order to attract users, maximize their profits and achieve a desired utilization of their resources. This thesis aims to tackle the twofold challenge of achieving high performance in container deployments and identifying the pricing for compute services.

For performance, the thesis presents a transport-adaptive network architecture (D-TAIL) improving tail latencies. Existing transport protocols such as Homa, pFabric [1, 2] utilize Shortest Remaining Processing Time (SRPT) scheduling policy which is known to have starvation issues for long flows as SRPT prioritizes short flows. D-TAIL addresses this limitation by taking age of the flow in consideration while deciding the priority. D-TAIL shows a maximum reduction of 72%, 29.66% and 28.39% in 99th-percentile FCT for transport protocols like DCTCP, pFabric and Homa respectively. In addition, the thesis also presents a container deployment design utilizing peer-to-peer network and virtual file system with content-addressable storage to address the problem of cold starts in existing container deployment systems. The proposed deployment design increases compute availability, reduces storage requirement and prevents network bottlenecks.

For pricing, the thesis studies the tradeoffs between serverless computing (SC) and traditional cloud computing (virtual machine, VM) using realistic cost models, queueing theoretic performance models, and a game theoretic formulation. For customers, we identify their workload distribution between SC and VM to minimize their cost while maintaining a particular performance constraint. For cloud provider, we identify the SC and VM prices to maximize its profit. The main result is the identification and characterization of three optimal operational regimes for both customers and the provider, that leverage either SC or VM only, or both, in a hybrid configuration.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Computer Science
Thesis Advisors
Misra, Vishal
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
December 14, 2020