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Theses Doctoral

Design of Power-Efficient Optical Transceivers and Design of High-Linearity Wireless Wideband Receivers

Zhang, Yudong

The combination of silicon photonics and advanced heterogeneous integration is promising for next-generation disaggregated data centers that demand large scale, high throughput, and low power. In this dissertation, we discuss the design and theory of power-efficient optical transceivers with System-in-Package (SiP) 2.5D integration. Combining prior arts and proposed circuit techniques, a receiver chip and a transmitter chip including two 10 Gb/s data channels and one 2.5 GHz clocking channel are designed and implemented in 28 nm CMOS technology.

An innovative transimpedance amplifier (TIA) and a single-ended to differential (S2D) converter are proposed and analyzed for a low-voltage high-sensitivity receiver; a four-to-one serializer, programmable output drivers, AC coupling units, and custom pads are implemented in a low-power transmitter; an improved quadrature locked loop (QLL) is employed to generate accurate quadrature clocks. In addition, we present an analysis for inverter-based shunt-feedback TIA to explicitly depict the trade-off among sensitivity, data rate, and power consumption. At last, the research on CDR-based​ clocking schemes for optical links is also discussed. We introduce prior arts and propose a power-efficient clocking scheme based on an injection-locked phase rotator. Next, we analyze injection-locked ring oscillators (ILROs) that have been widely used for quadrature clock generators (QCGs) in multi-lane optical or wireline transceivers due to their low power, low area, and technology scalability. The asymmetrical or partial injection locking from 2 phases to 4 phases results in imbalances in amplitude and phase. We propose a modified frequency-domain analysis to provide intuitive insight into the performance design trade-offs. The analysis is validated by comparing analytical predictions with simulations for an ILRO-based QCG in 28 nm CMOS technology.

This dissertation also discusses the design of high-linearity wireless wideband receivers. An out-of-band (OB) IM3 cancellation technique is proposed and analyzed. By exploiting a baseband auxiliary path (AP) with a high-pass feature, the in-band (IB) desired signal and out-of-band interferers are split. OB third-order intermodulation products (IM3) are reconstructed in the AP and cancelled in the baseband (BB). A 0.5-2.5 GHz frequency-translational noise-cancelling (FTNC) receiver is implemented in 65nm CMOS to demonstrate the proposed approach. It consumes 36 mW without cancellation at 1 GHz LO frequency and 1.2 V supply, and it achieves 8.8 MHz baseband bandwidth, 40dB gain, 3.3dB NF, 5dBm OB IIP3, and −6.5dBm OB B1dB. After IM3 cancellation, the effective OB-IIP3 increases to 32.5 dBm with an extra 34 mW for narrow-band interferers (two tones). For wideband interferers, 18.8 dB cancellation is demonstrated over 10 MHz with two −15 dBm modulated interferers. The local oscillator (LO) leakage is −92 dBm and −88 dB at 1 GHz and 2 GHz LO respectively. In summary, this technique achieves both high OB linearity and good LO isolation.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Electrical Engineering
Thesis Advisors
Kinget, Peter R.
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
June 16, 2021