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Theses Doctoral

Stereotype Threat and Undergraduate Writing Performance

Grant, Geremy Kristan

Although research speaks to the relationships between stereotype threat and academic performance, and race-based psychosocial variables and academic performance, little research thus far has investigated these variables simultaneously. To address this gap in the literature, the current study examined the impact of a negative stereotype induction on persuasive writing performance and post-task self-perceptions of academic performance in a sample of Black, White, and Hispanic undergraduate students. Unique to the current study is an additional investigation which reviewed the role racial/ethnic centrality plays in the relationship between stereotype threat and writing performance. A researcher generated measure of persuasive writing was administered to assess writing skills, and was scored based on a holistic quality scale with reported efficacy in the literature. Racial/ethnic centrality was assessed via the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity, whereas post-task perceptions of academic ability were garnered via a survey used in prior stereotype threat research. Participants were randomly assigned to either a stereotype induced or stereotype not induced condition, and completed study measures either in person, or online. Findings were not indicative of statistically significant differences in persuasive writing scores across experimental conditions; however, race/ethnic and gender differences were noted. Furthermore, Black participants in the stereotype induced condition were found to report more negative self-perceptions of writing ability. Racial/ethnic differences in racial/ethnic centrality were found, with Black and Hispanic participants self-reporting higher racial/ethnic centrality when compared to their White peers. Lastly, a statistically significant interaction effect for racial/ethnic identity by racial/ethnic centrality by stereotype condition was found for persuasive writing performance.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
School Psychology
Thesis Advisors
Perin, Dolores
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
August 26, 2020