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Theses Doctoral

Implantable Fluorescence Imager for Deep Neuronal Imaging

Choi, Jaebin

This thesis describes the design, fabrication, and characterization of the Implantable Fluorescence Imager (IFI): a camera chip with a needle-like form factor designed for imaging neuronal activity in the deep brain. It is fabricated with a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process, allowing for hundreds or thousands of single- photon-sensitive photodetectors to be densely packed onto a device width comparable to a single-channel fiber optic cannula (~100 μm). The IFI uses a combination of spectral and temporal filters as a fluorescence emission filter, and per-pixel Talbot gratings for 3D light-field imaging.

The IFI has the potential to overcome the imaging depth limit of multi-photon microscopes imposed by the scattering and absorption of photons in brain tissue, and the resolution limit of noninvasive imaging techniques, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging and photoacoustic imaging. It competes with graded index lens-based miniaturized microscopes in imaging depth, but offers several comparative advantages. First, its cross sectional area is at least an order of magnitude smaller for an equal field of view. Second, the distribution of pixels along its entire length allows the study of multi- layer or multi-region dynamics. Finally, the scalability advantage of silicon integrated circuit technology in system miniaturization and data bandwidth may allow thousands of such imaging shanks to be simultaneously deployed for large-scale volumetric recording.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Electrical Engineering
Thesis Advisors
Shepard, Kenneth L.
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
June 16, 2021