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Predictors and Outcomes of Nurse Practitioner Burnout in Primary Care Practices

Abraham, Cilgy M.

Burnout among primary care providers, which include physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants, can negatively impact patients, providers, and organizations. Researchers have reported that up to 37% of primary care physicians experience burnout, yet the prevalence, predictors, and outcomes associated with primary care nurse practitioner burnout remains unknown. Since 69% of nurse practitioners provide primary care to patients, this dissertation investigates the predictors and outcomes associated with primary care nurse practitioner burnout. A history of burnout as well as the importance of investigating burnout among primary care nurse practitioners are discussed in the first chapter. A systematic review of the predictors and outcomes of primary care provider burnout is discussed in the second chapter. The third chapter describes a cross-sectional study conducted among 396 primary care nurse practitioners from New Jersey and Pennsylvania, which investigated whether the practice environment is associated with nurse practitioner burnout. The fourth chapter describes a cross-sectional study investigating whether the use of multifunctional electronic health records is associated with primary care nurse practitioner burnout. The fifth chapter includes another cross-sectional study examining the relationship between primary care nurse practitioner burnout and quality of care, and if the practice environment moderates the relationship between burnout and quality of care. Finally, the sixth concluding chapter summarizes the findings from chapters two to five and provides recommendations for future research, practice, and policy.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Nursing
Thesis Advisors
Poghosyan, Lusine
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
September 8, 2020