Academic Commons

Theses Doctoral

Extreme Storm Surge Return Period Prediction Using Tidal Gauge Data and Estimation of Damage to Structures from Storm-Induced Wind Speed in South Korea

Yum, Sang Guk

Global warming, which is one of the most serious consequence of climate change, can be expected to have different effects on the atmosphere, the ocean, icebergs, etc. Global warming has also brought secondary consequences into nature and human society directly. The most negative effect among the several effects of global warming is the rising sea level related to the large typhoons which can cause flooding on low-level land, coastal invasion, sea water flow into rivers and underground water, rising river level, and fluctuation of sea tides. It is crucial to recognize surge level and its return period more accurately to prevent loss of human life and property damage caused by typhoons.
This study researches two topics. The first purpose of this study is to develop a statistical model to predict the return period of the storm surge water related to typhoon Maemi, 2003 in South Korea. To estimate the return period of the typhoon, clustered separated peaks-over-threshold simulation (CSPS) has been used and Weibull distribution is used for the peak storm surge height’s fitting. The estimated return period of typhoon Maemi’s peak total water level is 389.11 years (95% confidence interval 342.27 - 476.2 years).
The second aim is related to the fragility curves with the loss data caused by typhoons. Although previous studies have developed various methods to mitigate damages from typhoons, the extent of financial loss has not been investigated enough. In this research, an insurance company provides their loss data caused by the wind speed of typhoon Maemi in 2003. The loss data is very important in evaluating the extent of the damages. In this study, the damage ratio in the loss dataset has been used as the main indicator to investigate the extent of the damages. The damage ratio is calculated by dividing the direct loss by the insured amount.
In addition, this study investigates the fragility curves of properties to estimate the damage from typhoon Maemi in 2003. The damage ratios and storm induced wind speeds are used as the main factor for constructing fragility curves to predict the levels of damage of the properties. The geographical information system (GIS) has been applied to produce properties’ spatial wind speeds from the typhoon. With the damage ratios, wind speeds and GIS spatial data, this study constructs the fragility curves with four different damage levels (Level I - Level IV). The findings and results of this study can be basic new references for governments, the engineering industry, and the insurance industry to develop new polices and strategies to cope with climate change.

Geographic Areas

Files

  • thumnail for Yum_columbia_0054D_15417.pdf Yum_columbia_0054D_15417.pdf application/pdf 4.67 MB Download File

More About This Work

Academic Units
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics
Thesis Advisors
Deodatis, George
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
August 30, 2019