Theses Doctoral

Designing Active Site-Directed Covalent Probes for Tyrosine Phosphatases

Hong, Suk ho

Tyrosine phosphorylation is an important post-translational modification in cells that modulates key cellular pathways. Tyrosine phosphatases are the class of enzymes that remove this modification from proteins, yet we know relatively little about how they are regulated in various signaling contexts. Activity-based probes that successfully target active sites of tyrosine phosphatases and report on their activities can fill in this gap.

We show the assessment of various thiol-reactive groups for their ability to target catalytic cysteine residues with specificity. Then we construct and screen a library of fragment-like compounds for their on-target and off-target reactivities. We also discuss theoretical considerations for screening covalent inhibitors for their kinetic parameters and show this using our experimental data. Lastly, we augment compounds selected from the library to enable click chemistry for reporter group attachment for use on the whole proteome, ultimately through mass spectrometry-based proteomics methods. We show enrichment of target proteins. These target-centric design efforts will yield new insights into the general development processes of activity-based probes or inhibitors.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Thesis Advisors
Shah, Neel H.
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
September 7, 2022