Farm Households Livelihood Diversification and Poverty Alleviation in Giwa Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria

Oyinbo, Oyakhilomen; Tobi Olaleye, Kehinde

This  study  was  undertaken  to  determine  the  effect  of  livelihood  diversification  on  poverty alleviation in  Giwa  Local Government  Area  of  Kaduna  state, Nigeria. The  study  utilized  primary  data  collected  through  a  questionnaire  administered  to  100  respondents  selected  using  purposive  and  random  sampling  procedure. Data were analyzed  using  simple  descriptive  statistics, the FGT  poverty  model  and  Tobit  regression  model. The result of FGT poverty model revealed that the incidence of poverty among the farming households was 30%, and  this  implies  that  70%  of  the  farm  households  were  non-poor. The  result  of  the  Tobit  regression  showed  that  livelihood diversification  was  significant  at  1%  probability level  and  was negatively  related  to  the  poverty level  of  the  farmers. This  implies  that  a  farming  household  head  who  engages  in  a  number  of  livelihood  activities  has  a  lower  likelihood  of  being  poor. This  is  on  the  premise  that  increase  in  the  number  of  livelihood  activities  increases  the  income  of  the  farmers  and  invariably  their  purchasing  power  and  welfare.  It  is  recommended  that  awareness  and  skills  acquisition  training  programmes  should  be  established  at  the  grass root  by  the   local  government  authority  to  ensure  that  farmers  are  not  only  practising  farming  as  their  only  means  of  livelihood  but  also  a  wide  range  of  income  generating  activities  to  improve  their  well  being.

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Also Published In

Consilience: The Journal of Sustainable Development

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Published Here
August 18, 2022