Theses Doctoral

A Data-Driven Perspective on Residential Electricity Modeling and Structural Health Monitoring

Li, Lechen

In recent years, due to the increasing efficiency and availability of information technologies for collecting massive amounts of data (e.g., smart meters and sensors), a variety of advanced technologies and decision-making strategies in the civil engineering sector have shifted in leaps and bounds to a data-driven manner. While there is still no consensus in industry and academia on the latest advances, challenges, and trends in some innovative data-driven methods related to, e.g., deep learning and neural networks, it is undeniable that these techniques have been proven to be considerably effective in helping our academics and engineers solve many real-life tasks related to the smart city framework.

This dissertation systematically presents the investigation and development of the cutting-edge data-driven methods related to two specific areas of civil engineering, namely, Residential Electricity Modeling (REM) and Structural Health Monitoring (SHM). For both components, the presentation of this dissertation starts with a brief review of classical data-driven methods used in particular problems, gradually progresses to an exploration of the related state-of-the-art technologies, and eventually lands on our proposed novel data-driven strategies and algorithms. In addition to the classical and state-of-the-art modeling techniques focused on these two areas, this dissertation also put great emphasis on the proposed effective feature extraction and selection approaches.

These approaches are aimed to optimize model performance and to save computational resources, for achieving the ideal characterization of the information embedded in the collected raw data that is most relevant to the problem objectives, especially for the case of modeling deep neural networks. For the problems on REM, the proposed methods are validated with real recorded data from multi-family residential buildings, while for SHM, the algorithms are validated with data from numerically simulated systems as well as real bridge structures.


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More About This Work

Academic Units
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics
Thesis Advisors
Betti, Raimondo
Culligan, Patricia J.
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
April 12, 2023