Theses Doctoral

Controlling Multiexciton Dynamics in Intramolecular Singlet Fission

Parenti, Kaia

Singlet fission, the conversion of one photoexcited singlet exciton into two triplet excitons, is a promising mechanism to overcome theoretical efficiency limits in single-junction solar cells. Intramolecular singlet fission materials based on molecular dimers are a powerful platform to study singlet fission since triplet dynamics can be fine-tuned through chemical structure. This thesis describes the critical nature of the molecular bridge between singlet fission chromophores in determining the fate of the triplet pair. We demonstrate how bridge energetics, connectivity, length, and planarity are tunable handles for controlling rates of triplet pair generation and recombination. These rates can even be modulated independent of each other, furnishing materials with desirable properties such as fast triplet generation and long triplet lifetimes. This thesis establishes key design principles to provide greater control over triplet pair formation, dephasing, and decay in intramolecular singlet fission materials.

Chapter 1 introduces the process of singlet fission and provides an overview of the progress and challenges in the field. In Chapters 2 and 3, we detail the significance of bridge frontier molecular orbital energies and connectivity patterns in mediating triplet pair formation in bridged pentacene and tetracene dimers. We highlight key observables in the linear absorption spectra to predict relative rates of triplet pair formation, and demonstrate how quantum interference graphical models from single-molecule electronics can successfully be applied to explain triplet pair formation behavior in singlet fission.

In Chapter 4, we investigate triplet pair recombination in these materials and propose that electronic coupling alone does not dictate triplet pair dephasing and decay. In Chapter 5, we present a new singlet fission chromophore and identify important triplet population signatures distinguishing singlet fission from intersystem crossing in contiguous dimers. Lastly, in Chapter 6, we explore dendrimers as a controlled macromolecular architecture to study singlet fission.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Chemistry
Thesis Advisors
Campos, Luis M.
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
June 22, 2022