Automatic detection of blood versus non-blood regions on intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) images using wavelet packet signatures

Katouzian, Amin; Baseri, Babak; Konofagou, Elisa E.; Laine, Andrew F.

Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has been proven a reliable imaging modality that is widely employed in cardiac interventional procedures. It can provide morphologic as well as pathologic information on the occluded plaques in the coronary arteries. In this paper, we present a new technique using wavelet packet analysis that differentiates between blood and non-blood regions on the IVUS images. We utilized the multi-channel texture segmentation algorithm based on the discrete wavelet packet frames (DWPF). A k-mean clustering algorithm was deployed to partition the extracted textural features into blood and non-blood in an unsupervised fashion. Finally, the geometric and statistical information of the segmented regions was used to estimate the closest set of pixels to the lumen border and a spline curve was fitted to the set. The presented algorithm may be helpful in delineating the lumen border automatically and more reliably prior to the process of plaque characterization, especially with 40 MHz transducers, where appearance of the red blood cells renders the border detection more challenging, even manually. Experimental results are shown and they are quantitatively compared with manually traced borders by an expert. It is concluded that our two dimensional (2-D) algorithm, which is independent of the cardiac and catheter motions performs well in both in-vivo and in-vitro cases.


Also Published In

Medical imaging 2008 : Ultrasonic imaging and signal processing : 17-18 February 2008, San Diego, California, USA ; Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 6920

More About This Work

Academic Units
Biomedical Engineering
Published Here
August 24, 2010