Academic Commons

Articles

Asking the right questions: developing evidence-based strategies for treating HIV in women and children

Ronney, James; Wood, Robin; Heidari, Shirin; Cahn, Pedro; Christie, Celia D.C.; Dintruff, Robert; Distel, Manuel; Hankins, Catherine; Hellman, Nicholas; Katabira, Elly; Lehrman, Sandra; Montaner, Julio; Purdon, Scott; Karim, Quarraisha Abdool; Banegura, Anchilla

In July 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued formal revisions of its guidelines on the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy for HIV. The new guidelines greatly expand eligibility for treatment of adults and children, as well as for pregnant women seeking prophylaxis for vertical HIV transmission. WHO's new recommendations bring the guidelines closer to practices in developed countries, and its shift to earlier treatment alone will increase the number of treatment-eligible people by 50% or more.

Scaling up access to HIV treatment is revealing important gaps in our understanding of how best to provide for all those in need. This knowledge gap is especially significant in developing countries, where women and children comprise a majority of those living with HIV infection. Given the magnitude and significance of these populations, the International AIDS Society, through its Industry Liaison Forum, prioritized HIV treatment and prophylaxis of women and children. In March 2010, the International AIDS Society and 15 partners launched a Consensus Statement outlining priority areas in which a relative lack of knowledge impedes delivery of optimal prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) and treatment to women and children.

The Consensus Statement, "Asking the Right Questions: Advancing an HIV Research Agenda for Women and Children", makes a special appeal for a more gender-sensitive approach to HIV research at all stages, from conception to design and implementation. It particularly emphasizes research to enhance the understanding of sex-based differences and paediatric needs in treatment uptake and response. In addition to clinical issues, the statement focuses on programmatic research that facilitates access and adherence to antiretroviral regimens. Better coordination of HIV management with sexual and reproductive healthcare delivery is one such approach.

We discuss here our knowledge gaps concerning effective, safe PMTCT and treatment for women and children in light of the expansion envisioned by WHO's revised guidelines. The guideline's new goals present an opportunity for advancing the women and children's agenda outlined in the Consensus Statement.

Files

  • thumnail for 1471-2458-11-388-S1.DOC 1471-2458-11-388-S1.DOC binary/octet-stream 86.5 KB Download File
  • thumnail for d8142dd8a553d2afc9d044461f649c84.zip d8142dd8a553d2afc9d044461f649c84.zip binary/octet-stream 230 KB Download File

Also Published In

Title
BMC Public Health
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-388

More About This Work

Academic Units
Epidemiology
Publisher
BioMed Central
Published Here
September 8, 2014
Academic Commons provides global access to research and scholarship produced at Columbia University, Barnard College, Teachers College, Union Theological Seminary and Jewish Theological Seminary. Academic Commons is managed by the Columbia University Libraries.