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Theses Bachelor's

The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development: A Turning Point in the Evolution of Women’s Reproductive Rights

Cerullo, Isadora

The definition for reproductive rights was laid out in the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Program of Action, and remains the standard definition for these guarantees and freedoms. This definition of reproductive rights begins with those rights related to health. Indeed, health often serves as a point of access for the advancement of these rights at the international level, and several of the components of reproductive rights were first recognized through the right to health. This paper will begin its examination of reproductive rights through the selective rights of women enumerated in the right to the highest attainable standard of health. This paper will examine in detail the years immediately preceding and following the ICPD, as well as characteristics of the conference that set it apart from prior, or contemporary international activities. In the two decades following the conference, the international community has maintained its commitment to the Conference goals, which have added relevance to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In the 21st century, the international community has also begun to explore sexual rights, a development that would not have been possible without the ICPD.

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Academic Units
Institute for the Study of Human Rights
Thesis Advisors
Rosenthal, Mila H.
Degree
B.A., Columbia University
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