2018 Theses Doctoral
New Layered Materials and Functional Nanoelectronic Devices
This thesis introduces functional nanomaterials including superatoms and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for new layered solids and molecular devices. Chapters 1-3 present how we incorporate superatoms into two-dimensional (2D) materials. Chapter 1 describes a new and simple approach to dope transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) using the superatom Co6Se8(PEt3)6 as the electron dopant. Doping is an effective method to modulate the electrical properties of materials, and we demonstrate an electron-rich cluster can be used as a tunable and controllable surface dopant for semiconducting TMDCs via charge transfer. As a demonstration of the concept, we make a p-n junction by patterning on specific areas of TMDC films.
Chapter 2 and Chapter 3 introduce new 2D materials by molecular design of superatoms. Traditional atomic van der Waals materials such as graphene, hexagonal boron-nitride, and TMDCs have received widespread attention due to the wealth of unusual physical and chemical behaviors that arise when charges, spins, and vibrations are confined to a plane. Though not as widespread as their atomic counterparts, molecule-based layered solids offer significant benefits; their structural flexibility will enable the development of materials with tunable properties. Chapter 2 describes a layered van der Waals solid self-assembled from a structure-directing building block and C60 fullerene. The resulting crystalline solid contains a corrugated monolayer of neutral fullerenes and can be mechanically exfoliated. Chapter 3 describes a new method to functionalize electroactive superatoms with groups that can direct their assembly into covalent and non-covalent multi-dimensional frameworks. We synthesized Co6Se8[PEt2(4-C6H4COOH)]6 and found that it forms two types of crystalline assemblies with Zn(NO3)2, one is a three-dimensional solid and the other consists of stacked layers of two-dimensional sheets. The dimensionality is controlled by subtle changes in reaction conditions.
CNT-based field-effect transistor (FETs), in which a single molecule spans an oxidatively cut gap in the CNT, provide a versatile, ground-state platform with well-defined electrical contacts. For statistical studies of a variety of small molecule bridges, Chapter 4 presents a novel fabrication method to produce hundreds of FETs on one single carbon nanotube. A large number of devices allows us to study the stability and uniformity of CNT FET properties. Moreover, the new platform also enables a quantitative analysis of molecular devices. In particular, we used CNT FETs for studying DNA-mediated charge transport. DNA conductance was measured by connecting DNA molecules of varying lengths to lithographically cut CNT FETs.
- Yu_columbia_0054D_14322.pdf application/pdf 32.2 MB Download File
More About This Work
- Academic Units
- Thesis Advisors
- Nuckolls, Colin
- Ph.D., Columbia University
- Published Here
- November 17, 2017