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Baseline Models for Bridge Performance Monitoring

Feng, Maria Q.; Kim, Doo Kie; Yi, Jin-Hak; Chen, Yangbo

A baseline model is essential for long-term structural performance monitoring and evaluation. This study represents the first effort in applying a neural network-based system identification technique to establish and update a baseline finite element model of an instrumented highway bridge based on the measurement of its traffic-induced vibrations. The neural network approach is particularly effective in dealing with measurement of a large-scale structure by a limited number of sensors. In this study, sensor systems were installed on two highway bridges and extensive vibration data were collected, based on which modal parameters including natural frequencies and mode shapes of the bridges were extracted using the frequency domain decomposition method as well as the conventional peak picking method. Then an innovative neural network is designed with the input being the modal parameters and the output being the structural parameters of a three-dimensional finite element model of the bridge such as the mass and stiffness elements. After extensively training and testing through finite element analysis, the neural network became capable to identify, with a high level of accuracy, the structural parameter values based on the measured modal parameters, and thus the finite element model of the bridge was successfully updated to a baseline. The neural network developed in this study can be used for future baseline updates as the bridge being monitored periodically over its lifetime.

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Also Published In

Title
Journal of Engineering Mechanics
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9399(2004)130:5(562)

More About This Work

Academic Units
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics
Published Here
March 27, 2013