Pliocene-Pleistocene radiolarian events and magnetostratigraphic calibrations for the tropical Indian Ocean

Johnson, David A.; Schneider, David A.; Nigrini, Catherine A.; Caulet, Jean Pierre; Kent, Dennis V.

A composite of four piston cores from the Central Indian Basin and adjacent Ninetyeast Ridge has yielded a continuous magnetobiostratigraphic reference section for most of the Pliocene and the Pleistocene (0.0–4.5 Ma). We identified thirty-three radiolarian events (first- or last-occurrences), and precisely correlated each event to the Neogene geomagnetic polarity time scale. Thirteen of these events are based on revised taxonomic studies of the genera Anthocyrtidium and Pterocorys. Some events show significant departures from synchroneity: five of the radiolarian first-appearances and seven of the last-appearances are time-transgressive by 0.4 m.y. or greater. We here propose a revised, eleven-fold radiolarian zonation for the Pliocene-Pleistocene, using zonal boundaries defined by events which are easily recognized and are demonstrably synchronous in the tropical Indo-Pacific. The sequence of faunal and floral events reported in this paper will allow high-resolution biostratigraphic correlations within the tropical Indian Ocean; however, the same sequence of events is not necessarily applicable to other tropical or extratropical regions.

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Marine Micropaleontology

More About This Work

Academic Units
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
Biology and Paleo Environment
Published Here
January 13, 2012