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Theses Doctoral

On the Electronic Structure and Thermodynamics of Alloys

Sigli, Christophe

A free energy formalism is developed in order to describe phase equilibria in binary alloys. The proposed phenomenological approach uses a limited number of experimental data to provide a global thermodynamic description of a system including its equilibrium and metastable phase diagrams. Emphasis is placed on the description of short range order by means of the cluster variation method. A microscopic theory is also developed in order to predict the enthalpies of formation of transition metal alloys as well as the short range order dependence of these enthalpies. The theory uses a tight-binding Hamiltonian together with the generalized perturbation method. 0ff~diagonal disorder is taken into account, and charge transfer is treated self consistently in the random alloy. All input parameters to the theory are obtained from ab-initio calculations for the pure elements. In this regard, the model can be considered parameter free. The phenomenological approach has been used to analyzed the Al-Ni, Ni~Cr, and Al~Li systems. It is found that the vibrational entropy of‘ formation plays an important role in the thermodynamics of the Al-Li and Ni-Cr alloys. The approach allows an accurate description of stable and metastable order-disorder or order-order equilibria existing in the Ni-Al or AL~Li systems. The model is used to predict a metastable clustering tendency in Al-Li alloys which appears to have been recently confirmed by experiment. The microscopic theory has been applied to the VB-VIE and IVB-VIIIB (Ni, Pt, Pd) alloys. The calculations are in good agreement with the available experimental data and phase diagram information. It is shown that off-diagonal disorder and electronic self-consistency play a crucial role in the accuracy of the results.

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More About This Work

Academic Units
Materials Science and Engineering
Thesis Advisors
Sanchez, Juan
Degree
Ph.D., Columbia University
Published Here
December 14, 2015
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