Large-Scale Shake Table Test Verification of Bridge Condition Assessment Methods

Feng, Maria Q.; Chen, Yangbo; Soyoz, Serdar

Methods that identify structural component stiffness degradation by pre- and postevent low amplitude vibration measurements, based on a linear time-invariant (LTI) system model, are conceptually justified by examining the hysteresis loops the structural components experience in such vibrations. Two large-scale shake table experiments, one on a two-column reinforced concrete (RC) bridge bent specimen, and the other on a two-span three-bent RC bridge specimen were performed, in which specimens were subjected to earthquake ground motions with increasing amplitude and progressively damaged. In each of the damaged stages between two strong motions, low amplitude vibrations of the specimens were aroused, and the postevent component stiffness coefficients were identified by optimizing the parameters in a LTI model. The stiffness degradation identified is consistent with the experimental hysteresis, and could be quantitatively related to the capacity residual of the components.


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Also Published In

Journal of Structural Engineering

More About This Work

Academic Units
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics
Published Here
March 27, 2013