Long-Term Monitoring and Identification of Bridge Structural Parameters

Feng, Maria Q.; Soyoz, Serdar

Vibration of a new concrete bridge was monitored and change in the bridge structural stiffness was identified accordingly over a 5-year period. This three-span 111-m long bridge is instrumented with 13 acceleration sensors at both the superstructure and the columns. The sensor data are transmitted to a server computer wirelessly. Modal parameters of the bridge, that is, the frequencies and the modal shapes were identified by processing 1,707 vibration data sets collected under traffic excitations, based on which the bridge structural parameters, stiffness and mass, and the soil spring values were identified by employing the neural network technique. The identified superstructure stiffness at the beginning of the monitoring was 97% of the stiffness value based on the design drawings. In the identified modal frequencies, a variation from −10% to +10% was observed over the monitoring period. In the identified stiffness values of the bridge superstructure, a variation from −3% to +3% was observed over the monitoring period. Based on the statistical analysis of the collected data for each year, 5% decrease in the first modal frequency and 2% decrease in the superstructure stiffness were observed over the 5-year monitoring period. Probability density functions were obtained for stiffness values each year. Stiffness threshold values for the collapse of the bridge under the operational loading can be determined. Then the number of years can be assessed for which the area under the proposed probability density functions is greater than the threshold value. So the information obtained in this study is valuable for studying aging and long-term performance assessment of similar bridges.


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Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering

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Academic Units
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics
Published Here
March 27, 2013