The Author Was Not an Author: The Copyright Interests of Photographic Subjects from Wilde to Garcia

Subotnik, Eva E.

Toward the end of his dissent in the Ninth Circuit’s en banc opinion in Garcia v. Google, Judge Alex Kozinski remarked that “[w]hen modern works, such as films or plays, are produced, contributors will often create separate, copyrightable works as part of the process.” Judge Kozinski’s characterization of plays (or even films) as “modern works” opens the door to an examination of that claim with respect to another genre of “modern work[]”: the photograph.


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Columbia Journal of Law & the Arts

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November 22, 2016